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For Salvadorans, migratingmassively and irregularly to other countries


San Salvador. For Salvadorans, migratingmassively  and irregularly  to other countries, particularly the United States, is a common practice despite the dangers and barriers  they face along the way.

The difficult economic situation and military repressionin  the60s-70s, the civil war in the 80s and the phenomenon of the “maras” in  the last 25 years, motivated and continues to  motivate many Salvadorans to seek opportunities in other latitudes.

Various sources estimate that 2.5of  the 6.3 million inhabitants of this nation live in the  United States, Canada, Central America, Panama, Mexico, Italy, Spain, Sweden and Australia, among other countries. According to specializedagencies,  88.22 percent reside in the  United  States, mostly in the metropolitan area of Washington DC and in Los Angeles California.

However,  the journey to reach that nation was and is fraught with innumerable dangers.  It is widely documented that as they pass through Mexico many are victims of criminal gangs or are abandoned by  human traffickers known as “coyotes”, others drown while trying  to  cross the RioBravo ravo, while not a few die in the desert.

Moreover, although the evil is less, those  whomanaged to arrive  and settle  in the American  Union, as happens with immigrants from Mexico and othercountries,  are not  well seen by certain Americans who argue that they come to  take their jobs, while that others assumeattitudes  close to racism with them.

As if that were not enough, the “raids” or deportationsof immigrants without papers continue unstoppable.  According to theInternational Organizationfor Migration (IOM), between January and November 2022, 6,124 nationalswere deported, 106.9 percent more than in 2021.

However, none of  thesepreventshundreds of Salvadorans from  continuing to seek to reach  the United States  every day, facing   the aforementioned dangers  and, in addition, the  fact that the border is surrounded by 25,000 agents and four thousand soldiers.

To all this, in  ElSalvador, the US embassy  in coordination withnative institutions, carries out intense advertising  campaigns to discourage migration,  arguing,  precisely, the  well-known dangers along the way.




The question is whether all the sacrifice is worth the money. From an economic perspective , the answer is yes.

Salvadorans who managed to settle inthe United States, in addition to breathing a different  security environment,  find jobs with salaries that they would never find here.

According to the Central Bank,the  money they send to their families  — known as  “family remittances” or “poor dollars” — reaches25 percent of the population. More broadly, these dollars have come to represent up to 24 per cent of  theinternal product  and thus  constitute an important respite for the local economy.

In 2022 alone, El Salvador received USD 7,741.9 million in remittances  (3.16% more than 2021), while between January and April 2023 it received USD 2,578.3 million, which means a growth  of  USD  104.8 million (4.2%) compared  to  the same period of the year. previous. That figure is higher than exports.

Seen from a popular angle, this volume of remittances has literally changed  thelandscape of  many  towns in the interior of the country. In these places, migrants have built numerous houses that stand out from the rest, somewith Anglo-Saxon designs; In Polorós, in  the east of the country, they have built  a  glass building simulating  a skyscraper and, in Intipucá, a small city located a few kilometers from there, everything looksAmerican . Even the streets have English names.

The situation isfavored  by the Temporary Protection Program (TPS) granted for several decades by the United States  government to 239,000 “cuscatlecos” who arrived in  theUnited States irregularly. The last renewal of this program was granted in recent days.

This explains why migration continues unabated. In  recent years, in theUnited States, the number of Salvadoran  emigrants increased by 86,163 people (5.7%),although, the  newly released ambassador in San Salvador William Duncan, says that latelythe number of migrants has decreased by about 40%.Hundred, thanks to the policies that itsdiplomatic representation,  promotes in coordination with the local authorities. (End).

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